Allward Counselling Care
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More information about therapies
Here is a little information about the different theories, this
will help you to understand a little more about the various therapies.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) helps clients understanmore about their thoughts and feelings and how they influence
their behaviour. The treatment is generally short term and helps
clients learn how to identify and change destructive or disturbing
thought patterns and emotions. The counsellor encourages the
client to experiment with small challenges to create positive change.
Person-centred therapy (PCT) is a humanistic approach that deal
with the client’s dilemmas where the counsellor works to
understand this from the clients point of view. The counsellor helps
the client discover their true potential and enables them to value
and accept themselves more, by becoming more self-aware and
enabling the client to find their own way forward, thus creating client autonomy.
Compassionate Focused Therapy (CFT) involves the use of
approaches intended to bolster self-compassion. It explores selfsoothin
techniques such as imagery and mindfulness breathing
techniques within the session. There are many areas to explore to
create inner contentment and its emphasis is on becoming kinder
to the self and recognising when to implement these strategies.
Solution Focussed Therapy (SFT) Is based on building solutions
rather than problem solving, with the counsellor focussing on the
clients desired future rather than on past problems. Clients are
encouraged to increase the frequency of their current useful
behaviours. The counsellor therefore helps the client to find
alternatives to their current undesired patterns of behaviour.
Transactional Analysis (TA) is a theory and method of therapy
wherein social transactions are analysed to determine the ego
state of the patient (whether parent-like, child-like, or adult-like) as
a basis for understanding behaviour in transactional analysis, the
client is taught to alter the ego state to solve emotional problems.
TA describes how people are structured psychologically, this
model helps explain how people function and express their
personality in their behaviour and explores solutions for a more
Gestalt Psychology looks at the human mind and behaviour. It
focusses on trying to make sense of the world around us, Gestalt
psychology suggests that we do not simply focus on every small
component by exploring through counselling, that our minds
perceive objects as part of a greater whole and as elements of
more complex systems. Thus, by introducing the idea that human
perception is not just about seeing what is present in the world
around us, and is perceived as being heavily influenced by our
motivations and expectations.